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neurofeedback Research

Movement Disorders

Case Studies

Infra-Low Frequency Neurofeedback in Persistent Postural-Perceptual Dizziness—Case Study
by Roxana Sasu

Substantial recovery via ILF neurofeedback is reported for a case of Persistent Postural-Perceptual Dizziness. Symptom severity was substantially reduced over the course of 32 training sessions, not only with respect to the dizziness but also with respect to anxiety, violent intrusive thoughts, visual processing deficits, and thoughts of suicide. All six disparate symptoms resolved with four of the standard protocols. Attentional function also improved to above norms. Results of symptom-tracking are shown in the Figure.

Stacked chart of symptom severity over the course of sessions. Each symptom was scored on a 0-10 Likert scale. Average starting severity: 8.6/10; average ending severity: 0.6/10.

Front. Hum. Neurosci. 16:959579. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2022.959579

Managing Intractable Symptoms of Parkinson Disease: A Nonsurgical Approach Employing Infralow Frequency Neuromodulation
by Stella Legarda, Peter Andreas Michas-Martin, Dana McDermott

This paper covers the evolution of the ILF NF protocol as an adjunctive treatment over the course of ten years in application to Parkinson Disease. Three case vignettes with varied symptom profiles are presented to illustrate the potential of the method in application to the motor symptoms of PD. Single session effects on handwriting skill are illustrated.

Front. Hum. Neurosci. 16:894781. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2022.894781

Myotonic Dystrophy Case Study
A Neurofeedback practitioner in Australia reports the following remarkable story:
Almost two years ago I began training a then ten-year-old with Myotonic Dystrophy who had attention problems, low muscle tone, low energy, poor speech, sleep maintenance issues and sleep apnea. After about sixty sessions, this youngster showed greatly increased energy, improved concentration and speech, normalization of his sleep cycle and no sleep apnea. A formal sleep study documented normalization of his blood oxygen saturation levels when compared with studies conducted prior to Neurofeedback training, and confirmed that the sleep apnea issue had been resolved.

About six months later his mother called to say that he had lost all of the gains we had made with the Neurofeedback. So he came back in twice per week and we were again able to attain the same level of improvements. We now maintain those gains with sessions once per week during school terms. Myotonic Dystrophy is a degenerative condition in which the patient's health is expected to gradually deteriorate, so it seems this youngster needs ongoing Neurofeedback training to maintain gains and postpone the inevitable deterioration.

Now for the really good news!
Because of this well-known process of deterioration, medical specialists had previously predicted that this boy would be in a wheelchair by now. However, he is now twelve years old and a few months back was encouraged to try out for "Special Olympics." This is a program here in Australia in which children with disabilities are encouraged to take part in track and field events.

The boy's mother told me last week that he is now running times in the 400 meters that would have qualified him to run in the open division at the 2000 Sydney Para Olympic Games. He is now being groomed to compete in several track events and the high jump in Athens in 2004. So much for the wheelchair!

Recent Research

Mind over chatter: Plastic up-regulation of the fMRI salience network directly after EEG neurofeedback.
Ros T, Théberge J, Frewen PA, Kluetsch R, Densmore M, Calhoun VD, and Lanius RA
NeuroImage, 65, 2013, pp 324-35

Improving Visual Perception through Neurofeedback.
Scharnowski F, Hutton C, Josephs O, Weiskopf N, and Rees G
Journal of Neuroscience, 32, 2012, pp 17830-41

The effectiveness of neurofeedback training on EEG coherence and neuropsychological functions in children with reading disability.
Nazari MA, Mosanezhad E, Hashemi T, and Jahan A
Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, 43, 2012, pp 315-22

Self-regulation of brain oscillations as a treatment for aberrant brain connections in children with autism.
Pineda JA, Juavinett A, and Datko M
Medical Hypotheses, 79, 2012, pp 790-8

Evidence-based information on the clinical use of neurofeedback for ADHD.
Moriyama TS, Polanczyk G, Caye A, Banaschewski T, Brandeis D, and Rohde LA
Neurotherapeutics, 9, 2012, pp 588-98

Current status of neurofeedback for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
Lofthouse N, Arnold LE, and Hurt E
Current Psychiatry Reports, 14, 2012, pp 536-42

Individual alpha neurofeedback training effect on short term memory.
Nan W, Rodrigues JP, Ma J, Qu X, Wan F, Mak PI, Mak PU, Vai MI, and Rosa A
International Journal of Psychophysiology, 86, 2012, pp 83-7

Neurotherapy of traumatic brain injury/posttraumatic stress symptoms in OEF/OIF veterans.
Nelson DV, and Esty ML
Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 24, 2012, pp 237-40

Schizophrenia and the efficacy of qEEG-guided neurofeedback treatment: a clinical case series.
Surmeli T, Ertem A, Eralp E, and Kos IH
Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, 43, 2012, pp 133-44

Which attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder children will be improved through neurofeedback therapy?
Ahmadlou M, Rostami R, and Sadeghi V
Neuroscience Letters, 516, 2012, pp 156-60

Neurofeedback in children with ADHD: validation and challenges.
Gevensleben H, Rothenberger A, Moll GH, and Heinrich H
Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics, 12, 2012, pp 447-60

Taking back the brain: could neurofeedback training be effective for relieving distressing auditory verbal hallucinations in patients with schizophrenia?
McCarthy-Jones S
Schizophrenia Bulletin, 38, 2012, pp 678-82

A review of neurofeedback treatment for pediatric ADHD.
Lofthouse N, Arnold LE, Hersch S, Hurt E, and DeBeus R
Journal of Attention Disorders, 16, 2012, pp 351-72