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Neurofeedback Research

Overview of Neurofeedback Mechanisms

Setting the Agenda for Research

by Siegfried Othmer, Ph.D. - Chief Scientist, The EEG Institute
October 2003 (Edited July 2007)

In the following, references cover not only applications of neurofeedback but also mechanisms of brain self-regulation that underlie EEG Feedback (neurofeedback).

Application areas include in particular Attention Deficit Disorder, the Anxiety-Depression spectrum, seizures and addictions. We feature the key papers in the important application areas, as well as early papers that highlight emerging applications: the disruptive behavior disorders such as Oppositional-Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder; the Autism Spectrum and Asperger's; Bipolar Disorder; Specific Learning Disabilities, including Dyslexia; sleep disorders; Traumatic Brain Injury and Stroke; Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder; women's issues such as PMS and menopause; issues of aging such as Parkinsonism and dementia, and Age-Related Cognitive Decline; and, finally, pain syndromes such as migraine, as well as the management of chronic pain. Continue Reading



Neuromodulation Technologies: An Attempt at Classification

by Siegfried Othmer, Ph.D. - Chief Scientist, The EEG Institute

This chapter addresses the question of how to classify the neuromodulation effects resulting from widely differing neurofeedback approaches developed over the last four decades. We have seen a proliferation of targets and objectives to which attention is directed in the training. With regard to clinical outcomes, however, one encounters a broad zone of commonality. Why is it that the premises and technological approaches within the neurofeedback network of scholars and clinicians are so disparate, yet they largely achieve common clinical goals? This in-depth analysis may lead us closer to the "essence" of neurofeedback and provide focus for further development efforts. Continue Reading

Recent Research

Mind over chatter: Plastic up-regulation of the fMRI salience network directly after EEG neurofeedback.
Ros T, Théberge J, Frewen PA, Kluetsch R, Densmore M, Calhoun VD, and Lanius RA
NeuroImage, 65, 2013, pp 324-35

Improving Visual Perception through Neurofeedback.
Scharnowski F, Hutton C, Josephs O, Weiskopf N, and Rees G
Journal of Neuroscience, 32, 2012, pp 17830-41

The effectiveness of neurofeedback training on EEG coherence and neuropsychological functions in children with reading disability.
Nazari MA, Mosanezhad E, Hashemi T, and Jahan A
Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, 43, 2012, pp 315-22

Self-regulation of brain oscillations as a treatment for aberrant brain connections in children with autism.
Pineda JA, Juavinett A, and Datko M
Medical Hypotheses, 79, 2012, pp 790-8

Evidence-based information on the clinical use of neurofeedback for ADHD.
Moriyama TS, Polanczyk G, Caye A, Banaschewski T, Brandeis D, and Rohde LA
Neurotherapeutics, 9, 2012, pp 588-98

Current status of neurofeedback for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
Lofthouse N, Arnold LE, and Hurt E
Current Psychiatry Reports, 14, 2012, pp 536-42

Individual alpha neurofeedback training effect on short term memory.
Nan W, Rodrigues JP, Ma J, Qu X, Wan F, Mak PI, Mak PU, Vai MI, and Rosa A
International Journal of Psychophysiology, 86, 2012, pp 83-7

Neurotherapy of traumatic brain injury/posttraumatic stress symptoms in OEF/OIF veterans.
Nelson DV, and Esty ML
Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 24, 2012, pp 237-40

Schizophrenia and the efficacy of qEEG-guided neurofeedback treatment: a clinical case series.
Surmeli T, Ertem A, Eralp E, and Kos IH
Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, 43, 2012, pp 133-44

Which attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder children will be improved through neurofeedback therapy?
Ahmadlou M, Rostami R, and Sadeghi V
Neuroscience Letters, 516, 2012, pp 156-60

Neurofeedback in children with ADHD: validation and challenges.
Gevensleben H, Rothenberger A, Moll GH, and Heinrich H
Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics, 12, 2012, pp 447-60

Taking back the brain: could neurofeedback training be effective for relieving distressing auditory verbal hallucinations in patients with schizophrenia?
McCarthy-Jones S
Schizophrenia Bulletin, 38, 2012, pp 678-82

A review of neurofeedback treatment for pediatric ADHD.
Lofthouse N, Arnold LE, Hersch S, Hurt E, and DeBeus R
Journal of Attention Disorders, 16, 2012, pp 351-72

Focused Research on Infra-Low Frequency Neurofeedback

Infra-Low Neurofeedback

by Siegfried Othmer, Ph.D., and Susan F. Othmer

An individually optimized dynamic EEG reinforcement protocol has been recently extended to the domain of very low EEG frequencies, down to 0.01 Hz in center frequency of the reinforcement band. This represents a straight-forward extension to very low frequencies of a fairly generic training strategy that has been in productive use for many years. Improved clinical outcomes have been observed for a variety of hitherto intractable conditions, including the autistic spectrum, attachment disorder, eating disorders, and migraine conditions that have been refractory to prior neurofeedback. View Research

ADD - ADHD

ADD/ADHD

Anxiety

Anxiety

Autism

Autism

Biofeedback (non-EEG)

Biofeedback

Bipolar & Schizophrenia

Bipolar

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral

Chronic Fatigue

Chronic Fatigue

Chronic Pain

Chronic Pain

Complementary Modalities

Complementary Modalities

Depression

Depression

Dissociative Disorders

Dissociative Disorders

Epilepsy

Epilepsy

Functional Magnetic Resonance Neurofeedback

Functional Magnetic Resonance Neurofeedback

General Neurophysiology

General Neurophysiology

Head Injury

Head Injury

Infra-Low Frequency Training

Infra-Low Frequency Neurofeedback

Learning Disorders

Learning Disorders

Migraines

Migraines

Movement Disorders

Movement DIsorders

OCD & Tourette's

OCD

PMS

PMS

PTSD

PTSD

QEEG & Related Research

QEEG

Sleep

Sleep

Special Topics

Special Topics

Stroke

Stroke

Substance Abuse / Addiction

Substance Abuse

Violence

Violence
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